Impaired fasting glycaemia (IFG) is a pre-diabetes syndrome in which a person is not able to utilize body’s glucose in an efficient way. The glucose levels are raised during fasting to a lower extent, not sufficient enough to be labeled as diabetes. However, IFG can lead to types 2 diabetes, so it should be treated promptly to minimize the chances of diabetes.
How to treat IFG?
Life styles modifications are the mainstay to treat impaired fasting glycaemia. No medications are usually required as glucose levels are slightly raised and can be managed by adopting a healthy lifestyle and a balanced diet. Once a patient is diagnosed with IFG, he/she should monitor the blood glucose levels on regular basis to avoid its progression to type2 diabetes. Following are some primary measures to get rid of IFG:
Watch out your diet: Diet plays a major role in glucose regulation so it is necessary to stick to a healthy balanced diet. You can consult a nutritionist who can advise you according to your condition. No special diet is required to combat IFG. It’s about taking all the essential nutrients and avoiding the excess of certain foods. IFG Diet is further explained in the coming text.
Shed extra pounds: Obesity increases the chances of insulin tolerance, so keeping your weight under control is very important. Obesity is the main precipitating factor in progression of IFG to type 2 diabetes.
Smoking and alcohol: It is an important aggravating factor so quit it immediately if you are a smoker. Alcohol also exacerbates the condition and it is advised to minimize alcohol consumption.
Increased physical activity: Some sort of mild exercise is advised for at least 30 minutes 5 days a week. Brisk walking, jogging, cycling and swimming are good forms of exercise with a prominent effect on glucose metabolism. Physical activity increases the glucose consumption as energy fuel and its levels are optimized.
Medications: Again, drugs are not usually required in IFG. However in case of long standing problem, metformin and acarbose are generally prescribed. ACE inhibitors are advised in case of hypertension.
Dietary recommendations for IFG:
Diet has a direct role in both correcting and disturbing the already impaired glucose levels. IFG diets can be summarized as:
Carbohydrates: Removing carbs from your diet to control glucose is a myth and should not be practiced. Carbohydrates are our main source of energy and should be taken in appropriate amounts. Whole grains and unprocessed carbs should be prioritized. Porridge, shredded wheat, potatoes and other cereals should be a part of your routine meals. However, stay away from added sugars.
Fats: Saturated fats such as ghee, lard, butter and suet affect badly and increase propensity of obesity. Low fat foods and unsaturated oils such as olive oil should be taken instead.
Fruits and vegetables: There is no restriction in taking the fruits and vegetables at all. These should be taken regularly, 2-3 times daily. Fresh vegetable salad should make it to your plate. However, be careful about fruit juices as they may contain artificial sweeteners that have adverse effects on IFG.
Regularity in meals is very important. Don’t miss your breakfast as it enhances the metabolic process. Don’t go for some insane and unhealthy dieting measures to control your weight as it can further aggravate your condition instead of doing any good.