What is Insulin Dependent Diabetes?
Type 1 diabetes is also known as insulin dependent diabetes. Although it is a general perception that this type of diabetes starts in the early years, it can occur in adults too. In this type of diabetes, pancreas (the insulin secreting gland) secrets less insulin. Therefore, you’ve to inject yourself with insulin to compensate for insulin deficiency.
Glucose is quite essential for the body cells. The body can’t function properly if the cells aren’t provided with the appropriate amount of glucose. Insulin functions as a key that allows glucose to enter into the cells. Glucose can’t enter into the cells if your body reserves of insulin are running low. A person develops insulin dependent diabetes when the pancreas stops making insulin. When insulin isn’t present, glucose can’t go into the cells and remains in the bloodstream. This is when all symptoms and complications of diabetes surface.
What Causes Insulin Dependent Diabetes?
Despite all the ongoing researches on insulin dependent diabetes, its exact cause isn’t known yet. Type 1 diabetes occurs when the immune system of the body kills the insulin producing cells by mistake. Most researchers think that environmental changes lead to this type of diabetes. Some evidence has also suggested that it is hereditary. However, it isn’t always the case. Some theories also suggest that it is caused by Rubella virus, a virus of Coxsackie virus family. Certain antibiotics and drugs are also known to cause diabetes.
What are the Symptoms of Insulin Dependent Diabetes?
Major symptoms include:
- Increased thirst
- Frequent urination
- Considerable loss of weight
- Tingling sensation in feet
- Blurred Vision
- Feeling hungry most of the times
- Mood Swings
- Infections, such as yeast infection and vaginal infection in females
Why is Insulin Dependent Diabetes so Dangerous?
What makes insulin dependent diabetes so dangerous is frequent complications that follow its natural course. Following are some complications:
- A person with diabetes is more prone to different cardiac diseases like heart attack, stroke and coronary artery disease.
- Diabetes can cause damage to the kidneys.
- Different eye conditions, such as glaucoma and cataracts, can be caused by insulin dependent diabetes. Irreversible damage to the retina can lead to blindness.
- Diabetes can also cause damage to the body structures like oral cavity, skin and feet.
What is the Treatment for Insulin Dependent Diabetes?
There is no single treatment for diabetes. The treatment of insulin dependent diabetes is multifold. A diabetes treatment involves a combination of insulin, diet and exercise. You should also educate yourself about insulin dependent diabetes, in order to keep the symptoms under control. Some treatments for diabetes are mentioned below:
- A person with insulin dependent diabetes should inject himself with insulin shots several times a day. There are a number of types of insulin present in the market. Therefore, you should consult your doctor before taking insulin.
- A good meal plan is necessary for diabetic patients, to keep the blood glucose levels under control. You should consult a dietitian and find out the appropriate meal plan for yourself.
- Exercise is very important for insulin dependent diabetic patients because it lowers the blood sugar levels. It also monitors insulin and makes sure that it is used effectively.
In conclusion, insulin dependent diabetes can be life threatening. Therefore, you should consult a doctor and get treated as soon as possible.